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Psychologist


How to Become a Psychologist
Psychologist Job Duties
Skills and Qualities Needed to Become a Psychologist
Psychologist Salary
Influential Psychologists
Leading Organizations for Psychologists
Top Cities for Psychology Jobs
Other Careers of Interest

How to become a Psychologist

Psychologists examine the human mind, psyche, character and behavior. They are classified in different categories according to fields of specialization. Those in the field of research study the cognitive, emotional, social and physical facets of human behavior. Health service psychologists offer mental health services in institutions, clinics, hospitals and private settings. Some psychologists are engaged in different fields of business, government, industries and non-profit organizations. They formulate research programs, design organizational structures and champion issues related to the practice of psychology.

Persons with bachelor's degrees in psychology are adequately equipped to work as assistants to psychologists and other experts in correctional facilities, vocational rehabilitation institutions, and community based mental health facilities. Alternatively, bachelor's degree holders may work as assistants for psychologists both for research and administrative purposes. Other fields in which they may find employment include business management, service, sales and marketing research. Those who have acquired a master's degree in the subject may work as organizational psychologists in industrial setups. They are also capable of conducting psychological research and evaluations under the supervision of psychologists who have doctoral degrees. Persons who possess doctoral degrees are capable of establishing private practices. They are competent enough to handle jobs including teaching and research as well as clinical and counseling capacities in universities, institutions, and the private sector and also in government. The American Psychological Association (APA) is the main accreditation and regulation body for the profession. It sanctions both doctoral training and internships for doctoral students pursuing school, clinical and counseling psychology. Psychologists offering patient care and also those in private practice must have licenses and certifications. This stipulation applies to all states and the District of Columbia.

What does a Psychologist do?

Psychologists have different job descriptions depending on their fields of specialization. Clinical psychologists assist patients who have mental and emotional afflictions in the process of adapting to life. They are also capable of assisting patients to deal with various illnesses and injuries. There are three classifications of clinical psychologists. Health psychologists investigate how health and illnesses are interrelated to social, biological and psychological factors. Geropsychologists specialize in problems that afflict the elderly. Neuropsychologists are concerned with the connection between the brain and human behavior.

School psychologists work with parents, teachers and school staff in ensuring that students in preschool, elementary and secondary levels are provided with the most conducive learning conditions. Industrial/organizational psychologists employ various psychology axioms and research techniques in helping to create workplaces that have superior working conditions and maximum productivity. In addition to this they are also helpful in tackling problems related to management and marketing issues. Counseling psychologists offer guidance and counsel to individuals with regard to how to best deal with the problems and situations that arise in daily life. They use an array of techniques and testing methods to do this. Developmental psychologists examine the aspects of social, physiological and cognitive development that continually change in a person's life from infancy into old age. Research psychologists are usually based in universities and research centers. They are concerned with the behavior of both humans and animals. Their research covers areas including learning and memory, motivation and genetic factors among others that affect behavior. Social psychologists study how persons interact with others and the social environment around them.

What skills or qualities do I need to become a Psychologist?

The profession requires persons who have the capacity to offer direct patient care. These persons should have the requisite commiseration and compassion to tackle the various predicaments that afflict these patients. Counseling and clinical psychology tasks require persons with leadership abilities and superior communication skills. Communication skills will come in handy in trying to acquire important details and descriptions from patients. Patients are known to have difficulty in relating various experiences and details. Psychologists should generally have emotional strength, maturity and superior people skills. Psychologists engaged in research work should be ready to work as part of a group/team or independently with minimum supervision. This is in addition to being extremely stoical and persistent in the quest to achieve the desired results. Psychologists should have the mental capacity to deal with situations that demand prolonged focus in terms of trying to study various phenomena in both human beings and animals.

How much does a Psychologist make?

Psychologists earn different salaries depending on where they work and the various applicable skills that they possess. The average annual income of psychologists in the area of counseling, clinical and school was $59,440 in May 2006. The average annual earnings of psychologists in the industrial-organizational area were $86,420 in that same year. Industrial-organizational psychologists therefore earn much more than clinical, school and research psychologists.


Who are some influential professionals in this field?

Scott S. Meit, Psy.D, MBA, FAACP, is an eminent psychologist who is currently the Vice Chair for the Department of Psychiatry and Psychology at Cleveland Clinic. He is a sitting commissioner of the American Psychological Association's Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology (CRSPPP). Dr. Meit is also a Fellow of the American Psychological Association. Michael Wolf, Ph.D. is a leading psychologist based in Dallas, Texas. He has excelled in a number of specialized domains including children's problems, schizophrenia, anger management and a host of other related problems and predicaments.

What are some leading organizations in this field?

Bellamy Associates run by Doug and Kay Bellamy is a psychology-consulting firm that offers its services to organizational clients. The firm has worked with numerous people from various organizations helping to tackle problems that include; healthy stress management, development of effective relationships, efficacy in workforce/ employee supervision, betterment of output and yield among other affiliated concerns.

What are the top cities for Psychology jobs?

Employment opportunities in the psychology profession will experience an increase into the future. This is because of an expected demand for these services in institutions, schools, mental condition health centers, substance abuse clinics, consultancies and private establishments. Psychologists are in high demand in the cities of Philadelphia, Long Island, Los Angeles, Baltimore and Washington.

Other Careers of Interest

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Mental Health Counselor
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Psychiatrist
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