Obstetrician and Gynecologist
How to Become an Obstetrician Gynecologist
Obstetrician and Gynecology Job Duties
Skills and Qualities of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Obstetrician and Gynecologist Salaries
Influential Professionals in this Field
Leading Obstetrician and Gynecology Organizations
Top Cities for Obstetrician and Gynecologist Jobs
Other Careers of Interest
Generally, there is only one way to become an obstetrician/gynecologist or OB/GYN in the United States - and that one way is to attend medical school. A career as an obstetrician/ gynecologist requires you to obtain a typical medical doctor education at a four year undergraduate college or university, followed by four years of medical school, and three to eight years of residency in obstetrics and gynecology. This residency normally lasts between four and five years.
Persons, who are interested in becoming an obstetrician/gynecologist, must complete four years of undergraduate school at an accredited college or university, four years of medical school specializing in obstetrics and gynecology, and a three to eight year internship and residency in a hospital setting. A few colleges and universities in the United States offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last from six years to eight years. Normally, the education and training for both obstetrics and gynecology occur at the same time.
Obstetrician/Gynecology pre-medical (pre-med) students must take and successfully complete undergraduate coursework in biology, anatomy, physiology, organic and inorganic chemistry, math, physics, English, the social sciences and the humanities. To accelerate their medical education, some students volunteer their time at local hospitals, trauma centers, or clinics to gain experience in the health professions.
To be admitted into medical school, you are required to have completed a minimum of three years of study at an accredited undergraduate college or university. Most medical school applicants have at least a Bachelor's degree, and some even have a Master's degree or higher.
Admission to medical school is highly competitive. To be considered, applicants must submit transcripts from undergraduate school, take and pass the Medical College Admission Test, and submit letters of recommendation. Medical schools will also take into account other qualities of potential applicants, such as their character and leadership potential. Their interests in extra-curricular activities are also likely to play a part in the application process. Basically all schools require pre-med students to have an interview with the admissions committee.
Practicing medicine in the United States requires a license. Every state within the United States, including the District of Columbia, and all U.S. territories require practicing physicians to be licensed. All states and jurisdictions also license physicians. To be a licensed physician, you must graduate from an accredited medical school, pass a state licensing exam, and complete between one to seven years of graduate medical school. Although doctors who are licensed in one state can normally obtain a physician's license to practice in another state without taking another licensing examination, some states do not allow this practice. Those who have graduated from foreign medical schools basically can qualify for licensure after passing a state licensing examination and completing a residency in the United States.
Once enrolled in medical school, obstetrician/gynecology students spend the majority of their time during the first two years in classrooms and laboratories, taking courses such as physiology, anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, biochemistry, psychology, microbiology, medical ethics, and laws that govern the practice of medicine. They also get hands-on, first-hand experience in taking medical histories, examining patients, and diagnosing illnesses.
During their last two years of medical school, students work directly with patients under the close supervision of experienced doctors in hospitals, trauma centers, and clinics, to gain experience in providing acute, chronic, preventive, and rehabilitative medical care to patients. Through great exposure and actual hands-on experience in the specialized areas of family practice, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, pediatrics, and surgery, obstetrician/gynecology students learn how to diagnose and treat various medical illnesses and conditions.
Like all physicians, the obstetrician gynecologist prevents, diagnoses, and treats the basic health problems of patients, particularly for women. Their focus is mainly on medical conditions that are unique to the female anatomy, such as urinary tract and pelvic disorders, menstrual and menopausal problems, hormonal disorders, cervical and breast cancer, and issues related to fertility and birth control.
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