How to Become a Horticulturalist
Horticulturalist Job Duties
Skills and Qualities of Horticulturalists
Salaries for Horticulturalists
Influential Professional Horticulturalists
Leading Horticulturalist Organizations
Top Cities for Horticulturalist Jobs
Other Careers of Interest
A professional in this field must hold a secondary degree in botany, biology or agriculture. Advanced positions in research or government may require either a master's or a PhD to secure employment. A solid background and experience in basic science, specifically chemistry and biology, is necessary. Professionals must also have training in art and architecture for areas that focus on landscaping design and decorative plants.
The field of horticulture includes a vast array of employment concentrations that a professional is not limited by choice, only education:
Horticulturists may be employed as cropping systems engineers; wholesale or retail business managers; propagators and tissue culture specialists; crop inspectors; crop production advisers; extension specialists; plant breeders; research scientists; and, teachers.
Horticulturists work and conduct research in various concentrations: plant propagation and cultivation; crop production; plant breeding and genetic engineering; plant biochemistry; and, plant physiology.
A horticulturalist's main concern is to improve how much a crop produces, its quality, its nutritional value, and its resistance to insects and diseases. Their work targets nuts, berries, fruits, vegetables, trees, shrubs, flowers and turf.
Horticulture involves eight areas of study that are grouped into two broad sections: ornamentals and edibles. The two main sections include:
An agricultural horticulturist is responsible for investigating the best techniques for managing the aboveground aspects of agriculture. These include pruning, mulching, trellising, plant spacing, and pollination. An agriculture horticulturist works closely with both an agronomist and an integrated pest manager to produce profitable food and fiber crops.
The landscape horticulturist is concerned with all aspects of plant growth: aboveground aspects and fertilization, irrigation, and drainage. A landscape horticulturist is concerned with the production, marketing and maintenance of landscape plants.
Horticulturists may also find work as:
An arboriculturist: An individual who is concerned with the study and selection, planting, care, and removal of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants.
A floriculturist: An individual who is concerned with the production and marketing of floral crops.
An olericulturist: An individual who is concerned with the production and marketing of vegetables.
A pomologist: An individual who is concerned with the production and marketing of fruits.
A viticulturist: An individual who is concerned with the production and marketing of grapes.
A post-harvest physiologist: An individual who is concerned with maintaining the quality and preventing spoilage of horticultural crops.
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